The Technical University of Liberec and its Faculty of Textile Engineering have become well known due to their international patent for the industrial production of nanofibres commercialised as Nanospider™ by Elmarco. This was also an important impetus for the establishment of the Institute for Nanomaterials, Advanced Technologies and Innovation (CxI). CxI is involved in competitive engineering with the main goal of long-term support for industrial research activities focused on the development and manufacture of machinery and vehicles, mechatronics, robotics, management and utilisation of artificial intelligence and the use of new technologies and technological methods in production. Materials research within CxI is presently focused on the physics involved in nanomaterial creation and electrostatic spinning. The application of nanofibre materials has been developed in a number of areas, e.g. air and fluid filtration, sound-absorbing materials, open-wound bandages and other medical materials, materials for remediation processes, and nanosurfaces and nanofiber materials for implants and tissue engineering.